How do Integrated Circuits Work

In our modern society, we have found ourselves heavily reliant on electronics such as mobile phones, computers, televisions, and other electronic appliances in and out of the home. Often, we find that we could not imagine a life without them now that they have been integrated in everything we use including entertainment, business, transportation, health, and beyond. Much of the technological capabilities that modern electronics are able to achieve would not be possible without a very important type of electronic hardware component, which is the integrated circuit (IC). Currently, almost every electronic and hardware component utilizes and relies on integrated circuit technology.

Integrated circuits (ICs) parts are composed of a small semiconductor wafer that contains electronic circuits with a multitude of capacitors, transistors, and resistors. Integrated circuit function can include serving as a microprocessor, oscillator, IC precision timer, amplifier, and more. The power of integrated circuits is majorly in part due to the transistors they hold, which serve to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power. Metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors, or MOSFETs, determine conductivity and this amplify and switch signals. Since their invention, MOSFETs have become the foundation of modern electronics and electronic circuits. The IC controller MOSFET of the integrated circuit allows for controlling switch timing, an example of MOSFET functionality.

As compared to previous available technologies, integrated circuit technology has provided for the ability to constantly minimize the size and costs of electronics and their internal hardware. As compared to having many parts soldered to a large circuit board, integrated circuits may have upwards of billions of MOS transistors all placed on a tiny amount of surface area. This ability to fit transistors within such a small space is constantly improving as the amount of MOS transistors on a single integrated circuit doubles every two years on average as per Moore’s law. Because of this constant shrinking, electronics such as computers and telephones have seen large amounts of size and price reduction, making them much more affordable and feasible for the average consumer. As the size of integrated continues to decrease, the amount of power and reliability increases. This is due to the fact that smaller packaging and matching allows for great precision and leaves less room for error.

Integrated circuits also have benefited from processes such as mass production. As an integrated circuit can function across a variety of applications and electronics, heavy amounts of production can offset high production costs and make them much more affordable. This is why many electronics have begun to utilize IC technology, and why more technologies and hardware are becoming integrated as well.

If you are searching for integrated circuits (ICs) parts and more, look no further than ASAP Semiconductor. As a leader in parts distribution, we have an expansive inventory of over six billion parts that are at our customers’ disposal. Quality is paramount to us, and we only source from premium manufacturers that we trust. We are also the only independent distributor with a no China sourcing policy. Our expert staff are on hand to provide some of the industry’s quickest lead-times, and dedicated account managers can assist you with the purchasing process as needed.

Aerospace Buying is owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, and we can help you find integrated circuits (ICs) parts and electronic circuits you need, new or obsolete. As a premier supplier of parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries, we're always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. ASAP Semiconductor is an FAA AC 00-56B accredited and ISO 9001:2015 certified enterprise. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at or call us at +1-714-705-4780.

  1. Posted on February 25, 2020
  2. electronics

April 16, 2021

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